Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose شماره 89

volume Number : 16
number In Volume : 7
issue Number : 89

Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
volume Number 16، number In Volume 7، ، issue Number 89

Examining the structural and content methods of description in historical texts (Case study: Tarikh Jahangosha and Tarikh Vassaf al-Hazrah)

Fatemeh Azari Torbat (Author in Charge), Morteza Mohseni , Ahmad Ghanipour Malekshah , Massoud Rouhani

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Description is kind of linguistic action that can be present in any kind of discourse, whether literary or historical. The appearance and formal features and characteristics of the description provide the possibility to make good use of descriptive statements in the analysis of historical texts. The main purpose of this essay is to show the types of description in artificial prose based on the theory of description in the two books Tarikh Jahangosha and Tarikh Vassaf. METHODOLOGY: In this research, it has been tried to examine and cite enough examples and evidences from the two works of Tarikh Jahangosha and Tarikh Vassaf. The method of the present research will be done by following the method of structuralisms and the authors have tried to avoid mere compliance in the methodical control of this method. FINDINGS: The result of this research shows that in Jahangosha history and Vassaf history, we are faced with a variety of descriptive statements that the authors have used description not only for decoration but also to make the text artistic and to induce content. CONCLUSION: The results of the research show that the special narration of Jahangosha"s history and Vassaf history of historical events have changed these two authors status from historians to literary artists. By using description as a stylistic component in the form of structural descriptions (short, detailed and long, implicit, explicit, obvious) and also paying attention to the rhetorical aspects of the image, these two writers (historians)have been able to remove the propositions of the historical narrative from pure narration and artistic aspects. and increase its literature with the help of description.

description , history. Tarikh Jahangosha. Tarikh Vassaf. Describology

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