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- Doi: 10.22034/bahareadab.2023 .16 .7048
Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
volume Number 16، number In Volume 7، ، issue Number 89
Avoiding protest-critical literature and politics in Indian style
Ali Asmand Joonghani (Author in Charge), Fatemeh Zahra Ishaqi , Mohammad Reza Masoumi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Indian style poetry is an example of poetry in Persian literature that spanned from the 9th century to the 13th century. This style is considered the most non-political period of poetry in Iranian literature for the reasons that we will discuss in this essay. In this research, an attempt has been made to find out the causes of evasion of critical and political literature in Indian style. METHODOLOGY: This article is a theoretical study with a library research tool and a descriptive analytical method, which has analyzed the critical and protest content of Indian style poetry. FINDINGS: The most important factors that have led to the avoidance of protests in this period are the homogenization of the institution of power and politics, the authority of the Safavid government, religion and its related strictures and fear of the rulers, traveling to India, finding a way and the influence of the Persian language in India. The type of literary form and its change from ode to sonnet, the fields of Sufi thinking and isolationism, the writing of poetry by some non-Iranians, and dozens of other big and small factors, including the lack of motivation to express protest, can be mentioned. CONCLUSION: From the collection of these factors, we found that the literature of this period was far from protest and critical thoughts, and poets did not pay attention to political issues for the reasons mentioned, as a result, Indian style literature was different from other literary periods in terms of political approach.
Indian style , politics , critical and protest poetry , Safavid period , poets
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